Roofer Job Functions
Roofers Lancaster PA repair and install various types of roofs. They also work on other parts of buildings as needed. They often work outside in all weather conditions.
They are trained to follow specific safety guidelines when working at heights and must be competent in using various tools. They usually work for residential clients and interact with them regularly.
Roofers repair, replace, and install roofs on residential and commercial properties. They use a variety of materials, including shingles and metal. They also inspect structures to determine the best course of action for repairs and installation. Other duties include providing customers with estimates on labor and materials for roofing jobs. Roofers must be comfortable working at heights and using a wide variety of hand tools and power equipment.
Roofers often work on residential homes, although they may also be employed at construction sites or industrial facilities. In these environments, they often collaborate with other construction professionals and must adhere to any additional safety protocols that apply to the specific site.
Depending on the environment in which they work, roofers can be divided into four categories: shinglers, single-ply roofers, metal roofers and hot roofers. Shinglers work on tile, shingle and shake roofs; single-ply roofers work with foam roofs; metal roofers focus on roofing made of metal sheets or tiles; and hot roofers work with tar-base products.
A typical roofing job description for a roofer may include the following tasks:
Setting tile, molding wood, metal, TPO material and valley moldings. Overlapped successive layers of roofing material, gauging distance of overlap with chalk line. Helped journeymen roofers with any need service on the roof. Set scaffolding and ladders safely, as well as planks to walk on and hold materials for easier access on the roof. Stocked the roof with bundles of new shingles and did complete yard clean up to remove old shingles and nails.
Those interested in becoming roofers must be in good physical shape as this is heavy duty outdoor work that requires lifting, standing and hammering. In addition to this, roofers spend a significant amount of time at heights using ladders and scaffolding. They must also be able to climb and maneuver through small spaces such as attics and crawl spaces. Finally, they must be able to handle the heat of the sun and withstand inclement weather. Roofers should also be comfortable wearing a respirator to protect themselves against harmful particles in the air.
Roofers work outdoors and are exposed to the elements, including wind, rain and sun. The job can also be very physically demanding, requiring stamina for prolonged standing, climbing and bending, as well as lifting heavy weights and moving materials. The position is also a high-risk one because of falls from ladders or scaffolding. Accidents involving ladders account for most occupational deaths in the construction industry. Those who adhere to strict safety rules decrease the risks, but there are still some dangers associated with working from heights.
Roofers can also be exposed to chemicals used in roofing, such as solvents, which present a danger not only to the roofer but others working on the same site. Chemicals are often flammable and should be kept away from flames and heat sources to avoid fire and explosions. These substances are also dangerous to touch and should be handled with gloves. If they are ingested, solvents can cause vomiting and poisoning. Roofers should follow all safety instructions when handling these chemicals.
Depending on the type of roof, roofers can also be required to use power tools such as electric saws and drills. Alternatively, they can work with hand tools such as roofing shovels, pry bars and hammers. They can also use power-fastening machines and brushes to install insulation and vapor barriers.
The majority of the work is done by hand, however, and this can be hard on the hands and back. Roofers must also ensure that they take breaks to relax the muscles and change positions, particularly as they get tired. They should also hydrate regularly to avoid dehydration and fatigue. The job can also be very noisy, and roofers should wear ear protection to minimise hearing loss. Lastly, roofers are often required to drive from site to site to reach different projects, so the car should be properly serviced and insured to prevent accidents while on the road. These workers are also liable to prosecution for speeding, as they must obey the laws on driving limits and road signs. They can also be at risk of being involved in accidents with other construction workers, as they must co-operate and be vigilant to their colleagues’ movements on site.
Roofers need to know how to read blueprints, use tools, and understand the principles of structural engineering. They must also be familiar with the construction materials they work with, including shingles and bitumen, as well as roofing techniques. They must be able to identify leaks and fix them. Additionally, they must have safety training to prevent injuries.
A variety of training programs are available to help you learn to become a roofer. Some are based on an apprenticeship, while others offer hands-on, real-world experience with a mentor and instructor. Some schools also offer certification courses and have partnerships with employers. This makes it easier for you to find employment after completing your course.
Once you have completed your apprenticeship or training program, you will need to obtain a state license. This requirement varies by state, so make sure you check with your local government to ensure that you are up-to-date on all the latest regulations and requirements. For example, in you must have a state contractor’s license to perform roofing work. This requires passing a trade exam, and a business and law exam.
In addition to getting licensed, you will also need insurance to protect yourself and your clients. A professional insurance agent can help you determine what types of coverage are best for your needs. It is important to choose a policy that includes liability and property damage coverage, as well as workers’ compensation.
As a journeyman roofer, you will likely have specialized knowledge about specific kinds of roofing. You may be able to take advantage of this when looking for a job, as you will be more likely to be considered for positions with companies that specialize in particular roofing techniques.
Many union roofers are dedicated to the community and participate in a wide variety of volunteer activities. They are often available to assist with projects for elderly homeowners or those in need of a roof repair. They may also donate their time to help with community service events, such as rebuilding a home for a family in need or working on a church.
Roofers enjoy an excellent job outlook. They are not as affected by economic trends as some other construction trades, because the need for a sturdy roof is constant. Roofs wear out faster than other parts of buildings, so they need replacing and repairing more often. Moreover, the installation of solar photovoltaic panels on roofs is expected to increase demand for these professionals.
The primary qualifications for becoming a roofer are physical strength and the ability to work at heights. A high school diploma is enough to start, but most employers prefer those with some postsecondary education or relevant job experience. Postsecondary education can be obtained at a vocational school or through an apprenticeship program. Vocational schools offer specialized training in construction, while apprenticeship programs provide on-the-job experience. The average pay for roofers is about $20 per hour.
Many roofers are union members, and they benefit from health, dental, and vision insurance, paid holidays, and retirement savings plans. Those who are self-employed need to provide their own benefits. The risk of injury for roofers is higher than that of most other construction workers. In fact, in 2010, the construction industry had more fatal accidents than any other sector. Most of these accidents were caused by falling debris, with roofers being most at risk.
A career in roofing is ideal for people who want to escape the office and work with their hands. It is also a good choice for those who are not afraid of working at great heights. Additionally, it is a good option for those who are looking for a stable job with a predictable income.
Some roofing contractors offer a variety of services, including the repair and maintenance of exterior walls, gutter systems, and flashings. They may also perform waterproofing and damp-proofing. These additional services can improve the energy efficiency of buildings, which is an important consideration for many homeowners. Additionally, some roofers specialize in green roofing. These types of roofs use special coatings that reflect sunlight rather than absorbing it, which can reduce cooling costs and help save energy.